We live in the era of big data, and have been inseparable from the impact of big data. Long-term stable economic development is one of China's important development goals. There are many factors involved in economic development. The role of each factor will have a supporting or limiting effect on economic development. Therefore, if economic development is not affected by various constraints, these issues need to be analyzed in advance.However, it is not easy to analyze it in the traditional way. The subjective analysis of relevant personnel is often not objective and rational, which will affect the accuracy of the analysis.Big data can effectively solve this problem. It has a large amount of data, a certain diversity and no subjective color.It is an objective and reliable basis, which plays an obvious role in economics research.
In order to meet the needs of urban economic development, we must promote the soundness of the landscape planning system, ensure the effective coordination of its internal links and strengthen of its planning efforts through the deepening of its planning model, so as to ensure the stable development of urban image engineering, meet the needs of people for the quality of daily life, promote the positive improvement of urban ecological environment and the soundness of modern urban planning systems, and meet the needs of practical work.
The planning of modern urban garden landscapes should be based on the protection of the urban ecological environment, using all available spaces in the gardens to increase the urban green area, so as to promote the improvement of the urban comprehensive environment and the people’s living comfort. This requires modern urban garden landscape designers to integrate the urban basic information and basic garden conditions, focusing on native plants, humane, novel but not impetuous, beautiful and practical, simple and satisfying needs. Urban gardens that meet ecological requirements are the principles and goals of garden planning and design.
The construction of urban landscape should be synchronized with the process of urbanization, and it is a sign of the development of urban civilization. It plays an important role in improving the living environment of the citizens, beautifying the urbanization environment and improving the happiness of the citizens. In the planning of urban landscape, we should adhere to the principle of people-oriented, pay attention to the design concept of adapting to local conditions and diversifying, avoid the uniformity of urban landscapes and copying each other, prevent urban landscapes from becoming government image projects, and promote the urban landscape to play its due role in the city.
Garden planning and design is an ancient and young discipline in China. It is said to be ancient because the history of gardening can be traced back thousands of years, and there are a lot of examples and theories of traditional gardens in the world. However, due to the development and evolution of this discipline in practice, it is both an integration with modern society and a matter of recent decades.
Before the 1980s, there were few people in the garden planning and design industry. National power is limited. Except for individual outstanding works, it is still at a relatively basic level. Generally speaking, axes, scenic spots, landscaped greenery, and traditional or innovative garden architectural symbols have become common patterns in garden planning and design. The image of the park in people's minds is basically a pavilion under the shade of green.
Since the 1990s, economic development and urbanization have brought about the prosperity of urban garden planning and design in China. With the gradual improvement of urban functions, parks, green squares, ecological corridors and suburban scenic spots have become the modern symbol of the city and the inevitable way to improve the quality of urban environment, life and culture. The functional positioning of urban garden ecology, landscape, culture, rest and risk reduction has been gradually recognized by the industry. From traditional gardens to urban greening and suburban integrated landscape, the concept of landscape planning and design is gradually deepening and improving, and the field is also expanding. On the basis of the traditional culture, the designers constantly combine the national conditions in practice, absorb some new thoughts and ideas from abroad, and adapt to the needs of modern life to create a batch of better works. Landscape architects not only lead the landscape planning and design, but also participate in the overall urban planning to intervene in urban design from a larger and wider level.
Modern landscape planning and design must innovate the concept of planning and design, actively absorb the advanced experience and technology of foreign landscape planning and design, and combine the cultural characteristics and local customs of this region to design excellent landscape art works. At the same time, the planning and design of modern landscape gardens should give full play to their ecological, cultural and economic functions to create a good ecological environment for promoting the sustainable development of modern cities.
Landscape engineering is to beautify the environment within a specific range. It is very scientific and artistic. Landscape engineering is the reasonable construction in the region of green space or landscape architecture. The development of garden engineering is related to the development of regional economy, environment and culture.
Since the reform and opening up, with the rapid development of social economy and the acceleration of urbanization, various environmental problems have gradually emerged. At the same time, the improvement of material and cultural living standards also puts forward higher requirements for spiritual needs. People's desire for nature and pursuit of beauty have promoted the further development of the garden industry. Gardening is not only a discipline, but also an art. The landscape is divided into two categories, namely natural landscape and human landscape. Natural landscapes, such as land, rivers and oceans, were created before man. After human civilization, human landscape is a kind of landscape which has been transformed by nature and injected with human will and activity. From an aesthetic point of view, the garden landscape art comes from nature and life. In life, the pursuit of beauty has never ceased, and mankind achieves this goal through the creation of art. Under normal circumstances, people tend to pay more attention to the formal beauty of garden landscape. The beauty of garden landscape comes from its artistic creation. When people appreciate and evaluate the beauty of garden, they focus on its artistry. However, the development of the garden industry is not perfect. There are many problems. How to develop systematic and modern landscape architecture with Chinese characteristics requires us to think systematically about the present situation and future development of landscape engineering.
Facing the reality of the ever-changing project construction, this book introduces the concept, design, construction, management, landscape art and its application of garden engineering. Combined with the latest technology and concept of modern garden engineering construction, this paper analyzes this problem systematically and comprehensively, and puts forward basic and effective solutions and scientific principles to provide reference for the majority of garden workers. This is our intention to write this book. As the book contains more content, involves more cumbersome knowledge, and has more compilers, the format, depth and breadth of the contents of each chapter may not be inconsistent; and the fallacies are inevitable. Readers are invited to criticize and correct. Suggestions for improvement will be gratefully received.
Mental illness is a type of illness that seriously endangers physical and mental health. With the rapid development of society and economy and the continuous improvement of living standards, the prevalence of various mental and psychological disorders has shown a significant upward trend. According to statistics from the World Health Organization, five of the top ten diseases that cause incomplete human labor are mental illnesses.
This book is based on psychiatric monographs and related journal literature published in recent years at home and abroad, and combined with the author's years of clinical practice experience.
This book introduces the etiology, classification, examination and medical history of mental disorders, systematically explains common clinical mental illnesses, and summarizes the clinical medications for mental illnesses. We hope this book will help the clinician.