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With the in-depth research and close combination of basic medicine and clinical medicine, laboratory medicine is changing rapidly. As an “ancient” and “emerging” marginal discipline, it plays an important role in the process of disease diagnosis and treatment. With the rapid development of national economy and the continuous improvement of living standards, people’s awareness of health and the transformation of medical model have changed the social demand for medical services, and also put forward new requirements for the positioning of medical laboratory work.
  This book is based on the basic theory of blood test, clinical test and biochemical test. Based on the laboratory test and examination diagnosis of various common diseases, it expounds the basic methods and technologies in the physiology and pathology of hematopoietic system, the basis of blood test, the blood disease test, the body fluid test, the male reproductive system disease test, the female reproductive system disease test, the perinatal health care and test, the examination of birth and child diseases, the examination of chromosomal and genetic diseases, the disorder and examination of glucose metabolism, the disorder and examination of lipid metabolism and the disorder of water salt metabolism and acid-base balance and so on. The purpose of the book is: “taking the test as the main line, the clinical as the goal, and the disease as the center”. It has the characteristics of “comprehensive, innovative, practical and pragmatic”. It strives to integrate theory with practice, adheres to the combination of experimental technology and clinical diagnosis and treatment, and combines the development of international new technology with the specific domestic reality, so as to make the majority of medical laboratory workers, clinicians and experimental medical researchers members, teachers and students of medical colleges and universities learn and refer to professional theories, technical knowledge and clinical materials from different levels and perspectives.


前 言

随着基础医学和临床医学深入研究和密切结合,检验医学日新月异,作为“古老”而又“新兴”的边缘学科在疾病诊治过程中发挥着重要作用。国民经济飞速发展,生活水平不断提高,人们的健康意识增强和医学模式的转变,使社会对医疗服务需求发生了新的变化,也为医学检验工作定位提出了新的要求。
 本书立足于血液检验、临床检验以及生化检查三大部分的基本理论,以各种常见疾病的实验室检验及检查诊断为基础,阐述了造血系统生理与病理,血液检验基础,血液疾病检验,体液检验,男性生殖系统疾病检验,女性生殖系统疾病检验,围生期保健与检验,新生儿疾病检验,染色体病、基因病检验,糖代谢紊乱与检验,脂代谢紊乱与检验以及水盐代谢与酸碱平衡紊乱检验等临床检查基本方法与技术。该书的宗旨是:“以检验为主线,以临床为目标,以疾病为中心”,具有“全面、创新、实用、务实”的特点,力求理论联系实际,坚持实验技术与临床诊治相结合,国际新技术发展动态与国内具体实际相结合,使广大医学检验工作者、临床医师、实验医学科研人员、医学院校师生等从不同层次、不同角度学习和参考书中有关专业理论、技术知识和临床资料。

ISBN: 978-981-14-5894-1 Date of Publication: 2020
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Today’s world presents the development pattern of political multipolarization and economic globalization. With the rapid development of science and technology, the competition between countries, regions and regions is more intense. The importance of plundering resources and market has been replaced by the competition of talents, knowledge, information, high-tech development; that is to say, the competition of human resource stock and improvement. As the world’s largest population country, China’s rich human resources have made outstanding contributions to social development. However, this advantage has become an obstacle from time to time on the road of economic construction, and many problems have arisen. For example, the efficiency of market allocation is low, the brain drain is serious, and the contradiction between talent shortage and talent waste coexists. Faced with the problems of talent competition and human resources that have a greater and more profound impact on economic development than product competition and capital competition, how to attract talents, develop human resources, and build a country with a large population into a country with strong human resources has always been the concern of China’s government at all levels, experts and scholars, and the whole society.
 This book introduces the elements of human resources management and the relationship between human resources and economic growth. Suggestions for improvement that readers given will be gratefully received.


前 言

当今世界呈现出政治多极化和经济全球化的发展格局,科学技术迅猛发展,国家与国家、地区与地区之间的竞争更加激烈,掠夺资源、市场的重要性,已让位于人才竞争、知识竞争、信息竞争、高新技术的开发和发展的竞争,即让位于人力资源存量和提高的竞争。作为世界第一人口大国的中国,其丰富的人力资源为社会发展做出了卓越的贡献。 但是, 这种优势在经济建设的道路上时不时地成为一种阻碍,许多问题应运而生。例如,市场配置效率低下,人才外流现象严重,人才短缺与人才浪费并存的矛盾等。面对比产品竞争、资本竞争对经济发展有更大、更深远影响的人才竞争和人力资源自身所带来的问题,如何招揽人才、开发人力资源,把人口大国建成人力资源强国,一直是我国各级政府、专家学者及全社会关注的问题。
 本书介绍了人力资源管理各要素以及人力资源与经济增长的关系。望广大读者品评与指摘。

ISBN: 978-981-14-5893-4 Date of Publication: 2020
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The construction industry occupies a very important position in the development of our national economy. The development of the national economy will inevitably lead to the expansion of the construction scale and the improvement of the technical level. Among them, the renewal and development of the construction equipment construction technology is particularly significant. In this process, new materials, new processes and new equipment are constantly introduced and used, and construction specifications and construction technology are constantly updated. With the improvement of people’s living standards, the share of construction equipment in the whole construction economy is also gradually rising. In order to enable readers to systematically master more advanced knowledge of installation engineering construction technology, the editor has compiled the book of HVAC construction and installation technology based on years of teaching experience and construction experience.
This book mainly introduces the processing and connection methods of various building equipment system pipes, the construction and installation process of equipment, the anti-corrosion and insulation methods and construction requirements of pipes and equipment during the construction and installation of HVAC system. This book focuses on the organic combination of theory and practice, and introduces the new materials, new processes and new construction and installation requirements in recent years, which makes the content of this book more abundant, detailed and highly operational.


前 言

建筑行业在我国国民经济的发展中占据十分重要的地位,国民经济的发展必然带动建筑规模的扩大和技术水平的提高,其中,建筑设备施工技术的更新发展尤为显著。在此过程中,新材料、新工艺、新设备不断推出使用,施工规范及施工技术也不断更新。伴随着人们生活水平的提高,建筑设备在整个建筑经济中所占份额也在逐渐上升。为了使读者能够系统地掌握更多的较先进的安装工程施工工艺方面知识,编者根据多年的教学经验和施工经验编写了暖通空调施工安装工艺一书。
本书主要介绍暖通空调系统施工安装过程中各种建筑设备系统管道加工连接方法和设备的施工安装工艺、管道和设备的防腐保温方法和施工要求等内容。本书注重理论与实践的有机结合,对近年来出现的新材料、新工艺及新施工安装要求进行了介绍,使本书内容更加丰富、详实,具有很强的操作性。

ISBN: 978-981-14-5906-1 Date of Publication: 2020
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Energy is the cornerstone of the existence and development of human society and the basic condition of economic development and civilization progress. Coal is the main energy and important industrial raw materials in China, and is an important support for China’s rapid economic development. Since the reform and opening up, the coal industry has persisted in relying on scientific and technological progress, the scientific research system has become increasingly complete, and the innovation ability has been greatly improved, forming a large number of world-class innovation achievements. Some basic theories and key technologies are among the advanced ranks in the world. In many technical fields, they are changing from “follow runner” to “parallel runner” and “leader”. The overall level has achieved a leap from quantitative growth to qualitative improvement. The coal production has realized the transformation from primitive and backward mining to mechanized and intelligent mining, and the coal machinery equipment has realized the transformation from foreign introduction and imitation to independent research and development, invention and creation. 

 The existing conditions of coal resources in China determine that there are few resources suitable for opencast mining. The underground coal mine is the main body of coal production in China, and promoting the intelligent mining of underground coal mine is the key section of coal technology upgrading. Some large-scale coal enterprises in China, through the establishment of a scientific and technological innovation mechanism combining production, learning, research and application and joint research with scientific research institutions, colleges and universities and coal machinery equipment enterprises, have developed an intelligent production system of comprehensive mining complete equipment with independent intellectual property rights, put forward an intelligent mining production mode of “machine operation without human following, safety inspection by human doing”, realized the remote control of coal mining in the fully mechanized working face and the ground control center and led the development direction of coal science and technology in China. Huangling Mining Company of Shaanxi Coal Chemical Industry Group attaches great importance to the innovation and development of coal mining technology. In recent years, it has cooperated with Beijing Tiandi Mako Electro-hydraulic Control System Co., Ltd., Tiandi Technology Co., Ltd., Ningxia Tiandi Benniu Industry Group Co., Ltd. and Xi’an Coal Mining Machinery Co., Ltd., Shanxi Pingyang Heavy Industry Machinery Co., Ltd., China Coal Zhangjiakou Coal Mine Machinery Co., Ltd. and other technical research and equipment manufacturing companies, through hard working and joint research, firstly created the model of remote control mining mode of ground control center and realized the normalization of ground control mining of domestic complete set of comprehensive mining equipment. The successful practice of intelligent unmanned mining technology in Huangling Mining Company fills in the blank of coal intelligent mining technology in China, and promotes the intelligent unmanned mining technology to reach the international leading level. But we have to see that our intelligent unmanned mining technology is still in its infancy and there are many unsolved problems in skills, technology and management. We still need to continue to increase research and development efforts in sensing, monitoring, control, internet of things, etc. And we also need to improve the system, stability and coordination of intelligent mining technology, so as to promote the level of safe, efficiency and intelligent mining of coal to a higher level, and make new contributions to the transformation and upgrading of coal industry.


前 言

能源是人类社会存在和发展的基石,是经济发展和文明进步的基本条件。煤炭是我国主体能源和重要工业原料, 是中国经济快速发展的重要支撑。 改革开放以来,煤炭行业坚持依靠科技进步,科研体系日益完备,创新能力大幅度提高,形成了一大批世界一流的创新成果。一些基础理论和关键技术跻身世界先进行列,在很多技术领域正由“跟跑者”向“并行者”“领跑者”转变,整体水平实现了从量的增长向质的提升的跃升。煤炭生产实现了由原始落后的开采向机械化、智能化开采的转变,煤机装备实现了由国外引进、仿制,向自主研发、发明创造的转变。

我国煤炭资源的赋存条件决定了适合露天开采的资源少。井工煤矿是我国煤炭生产的主体,推动井工煤矿智能化开采是煤炭技术升级的关键环节。国内部分大型煤炭企业,通过建立产学研用相结合的科技创新机制,与科研机构、大专院校和煤机装备企业开展联合攻关,研制了具有自主知识产权的综采成套装备智能化生产系统,提出了“无人跟机作业,有人安全巡视”的智能化开采生产模式,实现了综采工作面顺槽和地面控制中心远程操控采煤,引领了我国煤炭科技进步发展方向。陕西煤业化工集团黄陵矿业公司高度重视煤矿开采技术的创新发展,近年来,联合中国煤炭科工集团的北京天地玛珂电液控制系统有限公司、天地科技股份有限公司、宁夏天地奔牛实业集团有限公司和西安煤矿机械公司,山西平阳重工机械有限责任公司、中煤张家口煤矿机械有限责任公司等技术研发和装备制造单位,经过艰苦努力,联合攻关,首创了地面控制中心远程操控采煤模式,实现了国产综采成套装备地面操控采煤常态化。智能化无人开采技术在黄陵矿业公司的成功实践,填补了煤炭智能化开采技术空白,推动我国智能化无人开采技术达到了国际领先水平。但也必须看到,目前我国智能化无人开采技术尚处于起步阶段,在技术、工艺、管理上还存在许多未解的难题,还需要在传感、监测、控制、物联网等方面继续加大研发力度,提高智能化开采技术的系统性、稳定性和协调性,以推动我国煤炭安全高效智能化开采水平再上一个台阶,为促进煤炭产业转型升级做出新的贡献。

ISBN: 978-981-14-5902-3 Date of Publication: 2020
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China is in the stage of rapid economic development, and the total amount of resource consumption is growing rapidly. Therefore, we must establish and seriously implement the scientific outlook on development, adhere to the concept of sustainable development. For this reason, our government attaches great importance to resource conservation as a basic national policy, and puts forward the long-term strategic goal of building a resource-saving and environment-friendly society. Building is the main place for human beings to engage in all kinds of activities. Building activities not only have a huge impact on natural resources and environment, but also are the greatest energy areas for potential conservation. Therefore, it is the key area of energy conservation and emission reduction in China and promoting the sustainable development of society.
   According to the current building situation in China, the total area of existing buildings is about 550×108 square meters, and the new building area of urban and rural areas in China is about 20×108 square meters every year. Due to the large building area base, the total building energy consumption is also large, which has been ranked in the forefront of the world, but in terms of unit building area energy consumption and per capita energy consumption level, China is still far below the level of developed countries. In this case, the green building of modern architecture comes into being from the perspective of energy conservation and ecological environment concern. It is the general concern of people for the global ecological environment and the extensive and in-depth thought of sustainable development. It is important for architecture to expand from the aspect of energy conservation to comprehensively examine the construction activities and the global ecological environment, the surrounding ecological environment and the living environment of residents architectural concept and practice. In this process, green building design directly affects the implementation of green building. In the process of design, whether it can save resources, protect the environment, reduce pollution to the maximum extent, provide people with healthy, applicable and efficient use space is directly related to whether it can create a harmonious symbiotic building with nature, and whether it can implement the sustainable development strategy of our country. Therefore, it is of great significance to pay attention to the green building design under the concept of sustainable development, which is also the original intention of this book.
  In the process of writing this book, the author has referred to a large number of domestic and foreign literature about green building, and cited the research results of some experts and scholars. Here we express our sincere thanks. Due to the shortness of time and the limited level of the author, there are inevitably some omissions and inadequacies in the book. We also urge readers to put forward valuable opinions and suggestions, so as to better improve the book in the future.


前 言

我国正处于经济快速发展阶段,资源消耗总量迅速增长,因此必须树立和认真落实科学发展观,坚持可持续发展的理念,为此,我国政府把节约资源作为一项基本国策加以高度重视,并提出建设资源节约型、环境友好型社会的长期战略目标。建筑是人类从事各种活动的主要场所,建筑活动不仅会对自然资源、环境产生巨大影响,更是节约潜力最大的用能领域,因而是我国节能减排、推动社会可持续发展
的重点领域。
  从我国当前的建筑情况来看,现有建筑的总面积约为
550×108 m2,未来中国城乡每年新建建筑面积约 20×108 m2,由于建筑面积基数较大,建筑能耗总量也较大,已排在世界各国前列,但就单位建筑面积能耗和人均能耗水平而言,我国还远远低于发达国家水平。在这种情况下,从能源节约、生态环境关注等视角审视现代建筑的绿色建筑应运而生,它是人们对全球生态环境的普遍关注和可持续发展思想的广泛深入,是建筑从能源节约方面扩展到全面审视建筑活动与全球生态环境、周边生态环境和居住者所生活的环境的重要建筑理念和实践。在此过程中,绿色建筑设计直接影响绿色建筑的实施,在设计的过程中能否最大限度地节约资源、保护环境、减少污染,为人们提供健康、适用和高效的使用空间,直接关系能否创造出与自然和谐共生的建筑,能否落实我国的可持续发展战略。因此,关注可持续发展理念下的绿色建筑设计有着较强的时代意义,这也是本书撰写的初衷。
  在撰写本书的过程中,作者参阅了大量国内外有关绿色建筑的文献资料,并对其中一些专家学者的研究成果进行了引用,这里表示最诚挚的谢意。由于时间较为仓促加之作者水平有限,书中难免存在一定的疏漏与不妥之处,还恳请广大读者提出宝贵的意见和建议,以便日后更好地完善此书。

ISBN: 978-981-14-5901-6 Date of Publication: 2020
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