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Civil engineering is a general term of science and technology for the construction of various engineering facilities. It refers to the applied materials, equipment and technical activities such as survey, design, construction, maintenance and repair, as well as the objects of engineering construction, that is, various engineering facilities that built on the ground or underground, on land or in water, directly or indirectly for human life , production, military, scientific research services, such as houses, roads, railways, transportation pipelines, tunnels, bridges, canals, dams, ports, power stations, airports, offshore platforms, water supply and drainage, and protection projects. Reasonable design is not only related to the level of construction, but also inseparable from the development of the country’s basic industries and the safety of people’s lives and property. At the same time, in actual civil engineering construction, superb design can often optimize the construction steps and even shorten the construction period. Based on the analysis of the characteristics of civil engineering construction technology, this book explains the operation of traditional civil engineering construction technology, points out the key points of the application of new technologies in civil engineering construction, makes a technical analysis and summary of civil engineering construction technology, and makes a prospects on the development of civil engineering construction technology. Civil engineering construction technology is constantly exploring, innovating and developing; it has been used in engineering construction and achieved good economic and social benefits. We must always maintain the vitality of innovation, develop and apply new technologies, and continuously improve the construction technology of civil engineering.


前 言

土木工程是建造各类工程设施的科学技术的统称。它既指所应用的材料、设备和所进行的勘测、设计、施工、保养维修等技术活动,也指工程建设的对象,即建造在地上或地下、陆上或水中,直接或间接为人类生活、生产、军事、科研服务的各种工程设施,例如房屋、道路、铁路、运输管道、隧道、桥梁、运河、堤坝、港口、电站、飞机场、海洋平台、给水和排水以及防护工程等。合理的设计,不但关系到建筑的水平,还与国家基础事业的发展和人民生命财产安全密不可分。同时,在实际的土木工程施工中,高超的设计常常可以优化施工步骤乃至缩短工期。本书在分析土木工程施工技术的特点基础上,对传统土木工程施工技术的运行进行了阐述,指出了土木工程施工新型技术运用的要点,对土木工程施工技术进行了技术上的分析和总结,做出了土木工程施工技术发展上的展望。土木工程施工技术在不断的实践探索中也在不断地创新发展,并在工程建设中得到了运用,取得了良好的经济社会效益。我们要始终保持创新活力,开发和应用新技术,不断提高土木工程施工技术。

ISBN: 978-981-14-6152-1 Date of Publication: 2020
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In recent years, due to the improvement of living standards, changes in the diet structure, the increasingly tense life rhythm and the lifestyle of less movement and more sitting, the global incidence of diabetes has increased rapidly, and the impact of diabetes on people’s health in China has become increasingly serious. In addition, there are still many problems in the prevention and treatment of diabetes in China such as the low penetration rate of relevant knowledge about diabetes, and the general public’s awareness of diabetes does not match the trend of diabetes epidemic. Experts pointed out that because people’s diet structure is changing from plant type to animal type, high-fat and high-calorie foods are increasingly filling our lives, and the knowledge of diabetes and the concept of healthy life are not universal enough, which all
put forward higher requirements for the prevention and treatment ability and diabetes education in China.
Therefore, this book will elaborate on the introduction of diabetes, acute complications of diabetes, chronic complications of diabetes, and treatment of diabetes, combined with diabetes and its comorbidities, comprehensive management of diabetic patients, and care of special diabetes population.


前 言


近年来,由于生活水平的提高,饮食结构的改变,日趋紧张的生活节奏以及少动多坐的生活方式等诸多因素,全球糖尿病发病率增长迅速,糖尿病对我国人民健康的影响也日趋严重。除此之外,我国在糖尿病防治方面依然存在相关知识普及率低,广大民众对糖尿病的认知程度与糖尿病流行的趋势不相符合等诸多问题。专家指出,由于目前人们的饮食结构正在由植物型向动物型转变,高脂肪、高热量食物正越来越多地充斥我们的生活,加上糖尿病知识以及健康生活理念不够普及,都对中国糖尿病防治能力以及糖尿病教育提出更高的要求。因此,本书将通过对糖尿病概论、糖尿病急性并发症、糖尿病慢性并发症、糖尿病的治疗,并结合糖尿病及其伴发病、糖尿病患者的综合管理、糖尿病特殊人群的护理等方面进行一番阐述。

ISBN: 978-981-14-6130-9 Date of Publication: 2020
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With the development of building water supply and drainage engineering, it is gradually becoming a relatively independent engineering discipline, which covers more and more contents and contains more and more complex systems. How to optimize the design of building water supply and drainage engineering is a problem that designers often face. As for the technology of building water supply and drainage engineering, the current situation depends on the summary of experience, but people’s experience is limited. With the emergence of large-scale, multi-functional and super high-rise buildings in economic construction, new requirements for building water supply and drainage engineering are put forward.
    This book first outlines the technical content and current situation of building water supply and drainage engineering, optimization of building water supply and drainage engineering system, and water-saving technology of building water supply and drainage engineering. Then from the construction and optimization of building water supply pipeline, building water supply system, building fire water supply system, building drainage system, building sewage treatment, building reclaimed water system, residential water supply system and residential drainage system, the paper elaborates all aspects of building water supply and drainage engineering. Among them, a lot of space is used to elaborate and summarize the current key problems of water supply and drainage in high-rise buildings and residential areas.
      The purpose of our book is to provide a practical textbook and reference book for the majority of architectural designers and practitioners in the construction industry. However, because the book covers a wide range of contents and involves complicated knowledge, the format, depth and breadth of the contents of each chapter may not be the same, and fallacies are inevitable. Readers are welcome to criticize and correct them.


前 言

建筑给水排水工程发展至今,正逐渐成为一门相对独立的工程学科,其所涵盖的内容越来越广,包含的系统越来复杂。如何使建筑给水排水工程设计优化,是设计者经常面临的问题。关于建筑给水排水工程技术,现状是依赖于过经验的总结,但人们的经验是有限的,随着经济建设中,大体量、多功能、超高层建筑的出现,对建筑给水排水工程提出了新的要求。
  本书先概述了建筑给排水工程技术内容与现状、建筑给水排水工程系统优化以及建筑给排水工程节水技术。再分别从建筑给水管道施工与优化、建筑给水系统、建筑消防给水系统、建筑排水系统、建筑污水处理、建筑中水系统、居住小区给水系统和居住小区排水系统八部分详细阐述了建给排水工程所涉及到的方方面面,其中更是用了大量篇幅对高层建筑及居住小区给排水这一当前建筑行业重点问题行阐述与总结。
  我们编写这本书的意图是为广大建筑设计人员及建筑业从业者提供一本切合实用的教材与参考书。但因为本书包罗内容较广,涉及知识较繁琐,各章节内容的格式、深度和广度可能并不一致,且谬误无可避免,敬请读者批评指正。

ISBN: 978-981-14-6156-9 Date of Publication: 2020
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Since the beginning of the 21st century, in order to promote the sustainable and healthy development of economy and accelerate the process of socialist modernization, China has clearly put forward the urbanization strategy, and the speed of urbanization has been accelerating. The corresponding infrastructure construction, such as urban indemnificatory residential engineering, transportation facilities, urban water supply, gas supply and heating facilities has also developed. However, at present, the funds in China’s financial budget are far from meeting the needs of infrastructure construction. At the same time, the private surplus funds have expanded unprecedentedly and maintained stable development. How to make better use of these non-governmental capital and let it participate in the infrastructure construction of our country has become a realistic problem in front of us. The development of public private partnership (PPP) provides a way to solve this problem.
     After the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the country has strengthened the Reform and Opening up. From the first mention of PPP mode at the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee to the introduction of relevant policies by the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance, PPP mode has been gradually popularized in China and relevant policies have been gradually improved. PPP model not only uses idle social funds to relieve the pressure of financial budget funds, but also enables the government and the private sector to establish a cooperative relationship in the field of infrastructure construction, develop strengths and avoid weaknesses, and complement each others’ advantages, so as to better play their respective roles and advantages, reasonably allocate resources, put an end to resource abuse, optimize the allocation of resources, improve the use efficiency of resources, meet the public demand, improve the social governance function, and ensure the quality of infrastructure and public products.


前 言

进入 21 世纪以来, 为促进经济的持续健康发展, 加快社会主义现代化建设进程,我国明确提出城镇化战略,城镇化速度不断加快,相应的城市保障性居住工程、运输设施、城市供水供气供暖设施等基础设施建设也随之发展。但是,当前我国财政预算内的资金远远无法满足基础设施建设的需要,与此同时,民间剩余资金却空前膨胀,且保持了稳定发展。如何更好地利用这些民间资本,让其参与到我国基础设施建设中,成为摆在我们面前的现实问题。政府和社会资本合作模式(Public Private Partnership,简称 PPP 模式)的发展为解决这一问题提供了思路。

党的第十八次全国代表大会以后,国家加大了改革开放的力度。从党的十八届三中全会首次提到 PPP 模式,到国家发改委、财政部等陆续出台相关政策, PPP 模式在国内逐渐得到了普及,相关政策也得到了逐步完善。 PPP 模式不仅利用社会闲置资金缓解了财政预算资金压力,而且使得政府部门和私营部门在基础设施建设领域建立起合作关系,扬长避短,优势互补,从而更好地发挥了他们各自的作用以及各自的优势,合理调配资源,杜绝资源滥用,优化了资源的配置,提高了资源的使用效率,满足了公共需求,完善了社会治理功能,保障了基础设施和公共产品质量。

ISBN: 978-981-14-6147-7 Date of Publication: 2020
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In today’s world, the refined rate of chemical products has replaced the ethylene production, which has become a symbol of the development level of chemical industry in various countries. China and developed countries are carrying out strategic transfer of chemical industry, and vigorously accelerating the development of fine chemical industry. Fine chemical industry is a sunrise industry of chemical industry and an important part of modern high-tech field. It has become a new growth point with strong vitality and economic benefits for China’s chemical industry. In recent years, the developed countries have been increasing the research and development of fine chemicals. After decades of development in China, fine chemical products can basically meet the needs of national economic development, and have been widely used in daily life and various fields of national economy. Some fine chemical technology has entered the international advanced ranks. With the support of the state for the development of fine chemical industry and the continuous progress of high and new technology, the technical level and independent innovation ability of fine chemical industry in China will be improved rapidly in the future.
    This book is written by the author on the basis of many years of scientific research and teaching work in the field of fine chemical industry, referring to and summarizing the domestic and foreign technical documents about the production principle, process and process flow of fine chemical products. This book takes organic fine chemical products and new field fine chemical products as the core, takes the common and typical fine chemical product production process as an example, and discusses the corresponding production principle and process technology in detail, so as to facilitate the readers to master the relevant knowledge of fine chemical product production. The compilation system of the whole book is complete, with distinct engineering practice features and full and accurate materials. It not only suits the national conditions, but also tracks the engineering practice needs, pays attention to the combination of theory with practice, knowledge innovation, process and engineering innovation, and has strong theoretical and applicability. This book can be used as a reference for personnel engaged in the development, production, research, teaching, management and application of fine chemical products, as well as teaching materials for chemical engineering and technology, fine chemical industry, applied chemistry, petrochemical industry, pharmaceutical engineering, light chemical engineering, polymer material science and engineering, food science and engineering and other related majors in colleges and universities.
    Due to the rapid development of fine chemicals at home and abroad, covering a wide range, and the limitations of the author’s level and data collection, it is inevitable that there are some defects in the book. Readers are welcome to criticize and correct them.


前 言

当今世界,化工产品的精细化率已替代乙烯产量成为各国化学工业发展程度与水平的标志,我国及发达国家都正在对化学工业进行战略转移,大力加快精细化工的发展。精细化工是化学工业的朝阳产业,是当代高科技领域的重要组成部分,已成为我国化工行业具有较强生命力及经济效益的新增长点。近年来,工业发达国家不断加大精细化工的研制开发力度。而我国经过近几十年的发展,精细化工产品基本上可以满足国民经济发展的需要,现已被广泛应用于日常生活及国民经济中的各个领域,部分精细化工工艺技术已步入国际先进行列。随着国家对精细化工产业发展的扶持和高新技术的不断进步,未来我国精细化工的技术水平和自主创新能力将会得到快速提高。
  本书是作者在多年从事精细化工领域科研、教学工作的基础上,参阅并归纳国内外有关精细化工产品生产原理、工艺与工艺流程等技术文献资料编写而成。本书以有机精细化工产品及新领域精细化工产品为核心,以常用及典型的精细化工产品生产工艺为实例,对其相应的生产原理与工艺技术等进行详细的论述,便于读者掌握相关的精细化工产品生产知识。全书编排系统完整,工程实践特色鲜明,资料详实,既适合国情,又紧跟工程实践需求,注重理论联系实际、知识创新、工艺与工程创新,具有较强的理论性与适用性。本书可供从事精细化工产品开发、生产、研究、教学、管理和应用的人员参考,也可作为大专院校化学工程与工艺、精细化工、应用化学、石油化工、制药工程、轻化工程、高分子材料科学与工程、食品科学与工程等相关专业的教材。
  由于国内外精细化工发展较快,涉及范围广,加之作者水平和资料收集等条件所限,书中不妥之处在所难免,敬请广大读者批评指正。

ISBN: 978-981-14-6162-0 Date of Publication: 2020
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