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Vocal teaching is an important part of vocal music pedagogy. In the process of vocal teaching practice and theoretical research, it can also be an independent subject. The course of vocal music is an important compulsory course for vocal music schools (departments) in colleges and universities. Its basic tasks are:

1. To enable students to master the basic knowledge and theory of vocal music education, understand the objectives and requirements of vocal music education in colleges and universities, love vocal music education, and establish professional ethics and sense of responsibility for vocal music education.

2. To make students master the basic principles and methods of vocal music teaching in colleges and universities, understand the basic process and teaching content of vocal music teaching, and lay a solid foundation for educational practice and vocal music education in the future.
      3. Let students learn and understand the famous foreign vocal music teaching system and teaching methods, and broaden the vision of vocal music education.
    4. Let students integrate their professional knowledge and skills, and make them become a comprehensive ability, that is, the ability to engage in vocal music education in colleges and universities.
    Music pedagogy is an interdisciplinary subject of musicology and pedagogy. This subject not only follows general laws of pedagogy, but also has some characteristics of music itself. No matter how the connotation and extension of music education change, the fundamental purpose of music education is to make music education practice well developed. And a good music education must have teachers who carry out the education, students who have the purpose of learning and the media, music, which connects teachers and students, which are the three parts of music education activities. Music education will not exist with any of teachers, students and music. China’s professional music education has a certain scale, and music pedagogy is an inevitable subject when the era develops to a certain stage. It is more specific than general pedagogy, and more emphasis on discipline.
    Compared with music teaching method and music teaching theory, the problems it studies are more universal, wider in scope and higher in theoretical level. Music pedagogy plays an irreplaceable role in training talents who can adapt to the future social development and have forward-looking music education thoughts.


前 言

声乐教学是声乐学科教育学中的一个重要组成部分,在声乐教学实践和声乐教学理论研究过程中,它又可以是一个独立的学科。高校声乐课程是高等院校声乐院(系)的重要必修课。其基本任务是:
  1. 使学生掌握声乐教育的基础知识和基本理论,了解高校声乐教育的目标和要求,热爱声乐教育事业,树立起从事声乐教育的职业道德观和责任感。
  2. 使学生掌握高校声乐教学的基本原则和基本方法,了解高校声乐教学的基本过程和教学内容,为进行教育实习和今后从事声乐教育工作打下扎实的基础。
  3. 让学生学习、了解国外著名声乐教学体系和教学方法,拓宽声乐教育视野。
  4. 让学生将所学的专业知识和专业技能技巧融会贯通,使其成为一种综合能力,即从事高校声乐教育的能力。
  音乐教育学是音乐学和教育学的交叉学科。这一学科既遵循教育学的普通规律,又具有音乐艺术本身的一些特点。无论音乐教育的内涵和外延怎么改变,音乐教育的根本目的是使音乐教育实践能够得到良好的开展。而良好的音乐教育必须有实施教育的教师、有学习目的的学生和联系教师和学生之间的媒介——音乐,这是音乐教育活动的三个部分,缺一不可。教师、学生、音乐三个要素缺了其中任何一个要素,音乐教育都不能存在。我国的专业音乐教育已具有一定的规模,音乐教育学是时代发展到一定阶段时必然产生的学科。它比普通教育学更加具体化,更加注重和强调学科性。它所研究的问题比音乐教学法和音乐教学论更具有普遍性,范围更广,理论层次更高。音乐教育学对培养能够适应未来社会发展的、全面的、具有前瞻性音乐教育思想的人才发挥着不可替代的作用。

ISBN: 978-981-14-6134-7 Date of Publication: 2020
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In today’s society, competition between enterprises is becoming increasingly fierce. Facing the actual situation, in order to be able to develop continuously and healthily in the fierce competition, enterprises can only regard talents as their core competitiveness, and become a powerful weapon to improve efficiency and ensure their own competitive advantages. With the deepening of reform and opening up and the continuous development of economic development, the importance of human resource management is obvious. It enhances the advantages of human resources, thereby improving the core competitiveness of enterprises and creating competitive advantages of enterprises, which is also reflected in full.
  This book is divided into eight chapters, respectively from the aspects of human resources, human resources management, human resources recruitment and training, enterprise management, enterprise human resources management, enterprise strategic management, enterprise culture management and other aspects of enterprise management, human resources and enterprise management has been analyzed and explained, hoping to provide a reference for the majority of managers engaged in human resources and enterprise management, which is also our intention to write this book.
    As the book contains more content, involves more cumbersome knowledge, and the format, depth and breadth of the contents of each chapter may not be inconsistent; and the fallacies are inevitable. Readers are invited to criticize and correct. Suggestions for improvement will be gratefully received.


前 言

在当今社会,企业之间的竞争越来越激烈。面对现实的情况,为了在激烈的竞争中能够持续、健康地发展,企业只有把人才作为自己的核心竞争力,成为企业提高效率、 保证自身竞争优势的强有力的武器。 随着改革开放的深入和经济发展的不断腾飞,人力资源管理的重要性显而易见, 其提升人力资源优势, 从而提高企业的核心竞争力,创造企业的竞争优势的作用也体现得淋漓尽致。
  本书分为八个章节,分别从人力资源、人力资源管理、人力资源招聘与培训、企业管理、企业人力资源管理、企业战略管理、企业文化管理以及企业的其他管理等方面对人力资源与企业管理进行了分析阐述,希望可以对广大从事人力资源及企业管理的管理者提供参考,这也是我们编写《人力资源与企业管理》这本书的用意所在。
  由于本书包罗内容较多,涉及知识较烦琐, 各章节内容的格式、深度和广度可能并不一致,且谬误无可避免,敬请广大读者批评指正。

ISBN: 978-981-14-6127-9 Date of Publication: 2020
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With the development of economy and the advancement of science and technology, China’s market economy has entered the process of internationalization. As a promoter of economy and science and technology, talents are paid more and more attention by the society, and the management of human resources and archives is the most important. More and more advanced productive forces require advanced production relations to adapt to them, but advanced production relations require the maturity and deepening of modern management concepts. Human resources and file management are a very important issue in the management of social resources. Human resources and archives management are more scientific, systematic and humanized. It is an extremely important factor for the sustainable development of human resources to give full play to the use efficiency of human resources.
    This book is composed of three parts: human resource management, human resource file management, and file management. It is divided into nine chapters, namely human resource and its management theory, human resource recruitment, human resource training, human resource incentive mechanism of public sector, human resource file management, personnel file management of government-sponsored institutions, changes in China’s file management system and model, public security file management, and file management of China’s intangible cultural heritage. It is hoped that these theoretical explanations can provide reference and help for managers engaged in personnel file management, which is also our intention to write this book.
    As the book contains more content, involves more cumbersome knowledge, and the format, depth and breadth of the contents of each chapter may not be inconsistent; and the fallacies are inevitable. Readers are invited to criticize and correct. Suggestions for improvement will be gratefully received.


前 言

随着经济的发展,科技的进步,我国的市场经济已经进入国际化进程,人才作为经济和科学技术的推动者,越来越为社会所重视,对于人力资源与档案的管理,更是重中之重。越来越先进的生产力要求有先进的生产关系与之相适应,然而先进的生产关系要求现代管理观念的日趋成熟和深化。人力资源与档案管理问题是社会资源管理问题中非常重要的一个问题,人力资源与档案管理更加科学化、系统化、人性化,发挥人力资源的使用效益,是人力资源得以可持续发展的一个极其重要的因素。
  本书由人力资源管理、人力资源档案管理、档案管理三部分组成,共分为九个章节,分别是人力资源及其管理理论、人力资源招聘、人力资源培训、公共部门人力资源激励机制、人力资源档案管理、事业单位机关人事档案管理、我国档案管理体制与模式变化、公安档案管理以及我国非物质文化遗产档案管理。希望这些理论阐释可以为从事人事档案管理的管理者提供参考与帮助,这也是我们编写《人力资源与档案管理研究》这本书的用意所在。
  由于本书包罗内容较多,涉及知识较烦琐,各章节内容的格式、深度和广度可能并不一致,且谬误无可避 免,敬请广大读者批评指正。

ISBN: 978-981-14-6126-2 Date of Publication: 2020
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Enterprises are the basic cells of national economy, the ultimate force to promote economic and social development, and also the decisive factor for a strong country and a prosperous nation. There are a lot of theories about how to improve the market competitiveness and economic and social benefits of enterprises. They have their own characteristics and made due contributions to the economic and social development.
      In the process of enterprise operation and management, with the development of science and technology and the improvement of the application level of network technology, the manual work mode and management mode have been unable to adapt to the development speed of modern society. Building management information system to meet the needs of enterprise modern management has become the future development direction of improving the work efficiency and standardized management of all departments. The core essence of enterprise material management is to use network technology and computer technology to integrate enterprise procurement and production resources, reduce operating costs, improve enterprise production efficiency, and ultimately achieve maximum value.
    In recent years, with the economic and social development of our country and the introduction of a series of material supply management systems, the level of material management is getting higher and higher. However, in today’s prosperous society, the supply of materials exceeds the demand, and the economic benefits of enterprises are relatively good, the material procurement is big, the price is high or low, the production is guaranteed blindly, resulting in the material cost greatly increased, the reserve fund sharply increased, resulting in excessive reserves and extreme waste. At the time of market operation and economic benefit decline, facing the gradual improvement of operation awareness of enterprises in all walks of life, if we do not calculate and analyze, nor fully face material saving and thrifty, nor control the purchase volume to reduce the purchase cost, and generate the maximum benefit with the minimum investment, the enterprise will face the situation of operating difficulties until the loss.
   In order to realize the information collection and processing, information resource sharing and decision-making assistant management between enterprises and different departments within enterprises, it is necessary to establish enterprise material management system. Its goal is to realize enterprise information network, information resource, management modernization and scientific decision-making.
    Due to our limited level, contents of the book inevitably have shortcomings and errors. We sincerely ask all colleagues and readers to criticize and correct, and we will accept it with modesty


前 言

企业是国民经济的基本细胞,是推动经济社会发展的终极力量,也是一个国家强大、民族兴旺的决定性因素。围绕提高企业市场竞争力和经济社会效益的各种理论浩如烟海,各种主张层出不穷,它们各具特色并对经济社会发展做出了应有贡献。
  在企业运营管理过程中,随着科技的发展和网络技术应用水平的提高,使得手工工作方式和管理模式已经不能适应现代社会的发展速度,而构建管理信息系统来满足企业现代化管理的需要,成为提高各部门工作效率及规范化管理的未来发展方向。企业物资管理的核心是利用网络技术和计算机技术整合企业采购和生产资源,降低经营成本,提高企业生产效率,最终实现最大化的价值。
  近年来,随着我国经济社会发展和一系列物资供应管理制度的出台,物资管理水平越来越高。但是,在社会繁荣,物资供过于求,企业经济效益相对较好的今天,物资采购大手大脚,价格高低不管,一味地保证生产,致使材料成本大大增加,储备资金急剧上升,造成过度储备和极度浪费。在市场运转,经济效益滑坡之时,面对各行各业企业运营意识的逐步提高,今天我们再不算账分析,再不全面对材料节约节俭,再不控制采购量降低采购成本,以最小的投入产生最大的效益的话,企业将面临经营困难,直至亏损的局面。
  为了实现企业与企业之间、企业内部不同部门之间的信息收集与处理、信息资源共享以及决策辅助的管理,需要建立企业物资管理系统。其目标是实现企业信息网络化、信息资源化、管理现代化以及决策科学化。
  由于我们水平有限,书中内容难免有缺点和错误,恳请各位同仁和读者批评、指正,我们一定会虚心接受。

ISBN: 978-981-14-6151-4 Date of Publication: 2020
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With the acceleration of the global warming process and the shortening of the global abnormal climate occurrence cycle, sustainable development has attracted the attention of the whole world in today's population expansion, the destruction of the earth's environment, the depletion of resources and other issues. People began to reflect on the increasing development of construction projects. In the one hundred years since the Industrial Revolution, the construction industry has a great impact on the environment.
    The construction industry is a “big energy consumer”. 50% of the global energy consumption lies in the building, and the energy consumption of HVAC accounts for 30%~50% of the building energy consumption, and increases year by year with the improvement of people's requirements for the quality of life. In the process of sustainable design, under the influence of various financial crises and energy crises, people reduce the energy consumption of buildings by reducing the fresh air volume, reducing the operation power of air conditioner, reducing the air volume of circulating fans and other measures. However, while reducing energy consumption, it also reduces people's comfort level to the lowest limit. Energy consumption has decreased, but new problems have arisen and air quality is deteriorating. With the development of the construction industry, people's awareness level is constantly improving. HVAC professionals gradually understand that energy conservation and environmental protection should be organically unified. Therefore, with the minimum energy consumption, creating a healthy and comfortable indoor environment and protecting the atmospheric environment is exactly the requirements of the new building for HVAC specialty. HVAC equipment is a huge and complex system engineering. As professional HVAC technicians, we must strictly grasp each process to ensure the normal use of the building's HVAC system.
    The main content of this book includes: HVAC system, HVAC cold and heat sources, HVAC energy saving technology, HVAC system and equipment control energy saving, HVAC system automatic control and noise isolation, HVAC construction and installation basic knowledge, central heating equipment construction and installation process, HVAC engineering construction and installation process, refrigeration pipeline and equipment construction and installation worker, operation and commissioning of ventilation air conditioner and refrigeration system and anti corrosion and heat preservation of HVAC system. 

This book can be used as a standing reference book and training book for staff of heating and ventilation engineering cost and relevant work, and also for teachers and students of relevant majors in vocational colleges.

    In the process of compiling this book, many excellent books and relevant national standards have been referred to and used for reference, and the help of relevant staff has been obtained. Due to the limited knowledge and experience of the author, although the editor tries his best, there are still some omissions in the book. Experts and readers can criticize and correct them and it will be appreciated very much.


前 言

随着全球变暖进程的加速和全球异常气候出现周期的缩短,在人口不断膨胀、地球环境被破坏、资源枯竭等问题困扰今天的人类,可持续发展已经引起全世界范围的关注。对于开发力度不断加大的建筑工程,人们也开始进行反思。自工业革命之后的短短一百年间,人类所从事的活动中,建筑业对环境产生了巨大的影响。
  建筑业是个“耗能大户”,全球能耗的
50%在于建筑,而暖通空调能耗占建筑能耗的 30%50%,并且随着人们对于生活质量要求的提高而逐年增加。在可持续设计的过程中,在各种各样金融危机、能源危机的影响下,人们以减低新风量,减小空调运行功率,降低循环风机风量等措施来降低建筑的能耗。但是,在能耗降低的同时,也把人们的舒适程度降低到了最下限。能耗下降了,但新的问题又产生了,空气品质在不断恶化。随着建筑业的发展,人们的认识水平不断提高,暖通专业人员逐渐明白,要把节能和保护环境有机地统一起来。因此,以最少的能耗,创造健康、舒适的室内环境,并保护大气环境, 这也正是新型建筑对暖通专业的要求。
  暖通空调设备是一个庞大而复杂的系统工程,作为专业的暖通技术人员,必须严格把握好每道工序,保证建筑物的暖通系统正常使用。
  本书主要内容包括:暖通空调系统、暖通空调冷热源、通风节能技术、暖通空调系统与设备控制节能、暖通空调系统的自动控制和消声隔振、暖通空调施工安装基本知识、集中供热设备施工安装工艺、通风空调工程施工安装工艺、制冷管道和设备施工安装工、通风空调及制冷系统运转调试、暖通空调系统防腐与保温。
  本书可作为从事暖通工程造价及相关工作人员的常备工具书和培训用书,也可供职业院校相关专业的师生参考使用。
  本书在编写过程中参阅和借鉴了许多优秀书籍和有关国家标准,并得到了相关工作人员的帮助,在此一并致谢。由于作者的学识和经验有限,编者虽尽心尽力,但书中仍难免存在疏漏或未尽之处,敬请有关专家和读者予以批评指正。

ISBN: 978-981-14-6133-0 Date of Publication: 2020
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