Orthopaedics is one of the most common departments in major hospitals. The department mainly focuses on the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the skeletal muscle system and keeps and develops the normal morphology and functions by using medicine, surgery and physical methods. With the development and improvement of scientific technology, Orthopaedics has a great development in diagnosis and treatment. The establishment and development of hand surgery make the diagnosis and treatment technology of hand injury popularized and improved rapidly. Orthopaedic rehabilitation is an important branch of orthopaedic research. Orthopaedic rehabilitation is of great significance to rehabilitation medicine. Throughout the development process of rehabilitation medicine over the years, most studies believe that the development of modern rehabilitation medicine is closely related to the recovery of the survival ability of the wounded after World War II. In addition, in modern rehabilitation medicine, orthopaedic rehabilitation patients and diseases also occupy a considerable proportion. At present, orthopaedic rehabilitation is in the stage of rapid development, which is mainly reflected in the diagnosis of orthopaedic diseases, functional evaluation, the formulation and implementation of rehabilitation plan, etc. This becomes more and more rich, and the level of orthopaedic rehabilitation technology has also been significantly improved. It effectively accelerates the functional recovery of patients after surgery, so as to make full preparation for the early rehabilitation training. This book systematically summarizes the traditional Chinese medicine, medical diagnosis and treatment methods and rehabilitation treatment methods of orthopaedic diseases, so as to guide our future work on clinical orthopaedic treatment practice.
骨科是各大医院最常见的科室之一，主要研究骨骼肌肉系统的解剖、生理与病理, 运用药物、手术及物理方法保持和发展这一系统的正常形态与功能。随着科学技术的 发展和进步，骨科学在诊断、治疗方面有了很大的进展。手外科的建立和发展，使手外伤的诊治技术迅速得到普及和提高。骨科康复是骨科研究中的一个重要分支，骨科 康复对康复医学而言具有重要的意义。纵观康复医学历年来的发展过程，多数研究认 为现代康复医学的发展和二战后伤员生存能力恢复密切相关。此外，在现代康复医学 中，骨科康复的患者与疾病也占有相当的分量。目前，骨科康复学正处于快速发展的 阶段，主要体现在骨科疾病的诊断方式、功能评定、康复计划的制订与实施等方面变 得愈加丰富，并且骨科康复技术水平也获得明显的提高，有效地加快了患者术后的功 能恢复，从而为早期康复训练的开展做好充分的准备。本书系统归纳了骨科疾病的中医、 医诊治法及康复治疗方法，以作为 骨科临床治疗实践的参考依据，指导我们今后的工作。
Due to the further development of our country's transportation, the increasing highway capacity and highway traffic volume directly lead to the increasing vehicle load on the highway bridge. While the development of bridge management and maintenance is very slow. Therefore, it is an urgent challenge for us to strengthen the ideological understanding, further improve the bridge management and maintenance, strengthen the bridge detection means, accurately analyze and judge the causes of bridge diseases, and keep the bridge in good working condition.
The book, Construction and Management of Highway and Bridge Engineering, first introduces the highway and bridge construction projects in China, and then puts forward some problems about highway and bridge construction, including the analysis of key and difficult problems in construction technology and construction, as well as solutions and innovative methods. There are also some discussions on the management of highway and bridge construction in China, such as the problems and difficulties encountered in the work, as well as the new planning and problem plan putted forward in the project management. It also refers to the quotation of the new technology of the highway bridge construction. The specific content is relatively broad. Of course, when we talk about the construction and management of the highway bridge, the topic is relatively wide. If there are any omissions or mistakes, the readers and friends are welcomed to give feedback so we can exchange thoughts and study together.
As the leading and basic industry of national economy, highway construction plays a role of guarantee and support for the economic and social development, and bears a major social responsibility. It is the common responsibility and aspiration of highway builders to strengthen the sense of responsibility and urgency, and maintain the harmonious coexistence and coordinated development of environmental conditions and transportation standing at the height of the overall situation and the whole society. To realize the construction management of highway engineering, we should start from the quality management cost management and the information construction of highway engineering.
To achieve the sustained development of highway career, highway engineering construction and management must improve its own ability. It is depended on the Powerful and efficient network information management system to manage well about the quality and price.
The relationship between foreign trade and economic management has always been an important research content of development economists and international economists. Regional economy is an important part of the national economy and a spatial system of the national economy. According to its essence, a regional economy is a national economy with regional characteristics. An international foreign trade is based on regional foreign trade. The comparative advantage and realization model of a country’s participation in international division of labor and foreign trade are based on the regional competitiveness of resources in each region of the country. Therefore, the economic development concept of international trade theory can be used not only for analysis of macroeconomic development, but also for guiding economic practices in different regions within a country. Regional participation in foreign trade within a country is not only conducive to giving play to regional comparative advantages, improving labor efficiency, saving social labor, and increasing social wealth; it also helps to attract competitive mechanisms and introduce foreign advanced technology, production methods, economic systems, equipment, and management experience to generate latecomer advantages and realize the reconstruction of regional comparative advantages.
Therefore, this book analyzes and discusses foreign trade and economic management in detail from the content of seven chapters, hoping to have some help.
The main content of mineral resources exploration is prospecting, which refers to the working process of using the ore-forming theory and known ore-forming laws, according to the geological conditions of the working area, using remote sensing technology, geology, geochemistry, geophysics and other methods to find deposits. According to the principle of step-by-step and step-by-step, mineral resources exploration can be divided into four stages: pre investigation, general survey, detailed investigation and exploration. Its tasks are respectively to make a prospective evaluation of regional mineral resources, submit the deep exposure point, submit the exploration point and submit the deposit. The work in each stage of mineral exploration should be guided by the analysis and research of the metallogenic geological conditions in the region, and the comprehensive prospecting method should be adopted according to the geological characteristics of the region and local conditions, so as to achieve the goal more scientifically and economically.
Geotechnical engineering is based on the theories of soil mechanics, rock mechanics, engineering geology and basic engineering. It is a marginal discipline formed by the combination of geology, mechanics, civil engineering, material science and other disciplines. At the same time, it is also a discipline closely combined with geology and engineering. It mainly solves the engineering and technical problems of rock and soil in various projects. As far as its connotation and attribute are concerned, it belongs to the category of civil engineering and plays an important role in civil engineering.
As special engineering materials, rock and soil are different from concrete, steel and other artificial materials. It is the product of nature. It is different with different natural environment, so it shows different engineering characteristics. This leads to the complexity and variability of geotechnical engineering, and the larger the scale of civil engineering, the more prominent and complex the geotechnical engineering problems. In practical projects, geotechnical problems and foundation problems are often the main factors that affect investment and limit construction period. If they did not handled properly, they may bring disastrous consequences. With the continuous expansion of the scale of civil engineering, geotechnical engineering has different branches, and geotechnical investigation is an important branch of geotechnical engineering.
The major of geological engineering includes the traditional engineering geology and prospecting engineering. It is an indispensable major in the national economic construction of our country. With the development of human society and technological progress, its position is becoming more and more important, and its application field is becoming more and more extensive. In addition to serving the traditional geological prospecting, geological engineering is also widely used in industrial and civil buildings, major infrastructure construction, geological disaster prevention, unconventional oil and gas resources development, marine resources investigation and other fields, which is closely related to people's production and life.