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Orthopaedics is one of the most common departments in major hospitals. The department mainly focuses on the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the skeletal muscle system and keeps and develops the normal morphology and functions by using medicine, surgery and physical methods. With the development and improvement of scientific technology, Orthopaedics has a great development in diagnosis and treatment. The establishment and development of hand surgery make the diagnosis and treatment technology of hand injury popularized and improved rapidly. Orthopaedic rehabilitation is an important branch of orthopaedic research. Orthopaedic rehabilitation is of great significance to rehabilitation medicine. Throughout the development process of rehabilitation medicine over the years, most studies believe that the development of modern rehabilitation medicine is closely related to the recovery of the survival ability of the wounded after World War II. In addition, in modern rehabilitation medicine, orthopaedic rehabilitation patients and diseases also occupy a considerable proportion. At present, orthopaedic rehabilitation is in the stage of rapid development, which is mainly reflected in the diagnosis of orthopaedic diseases, functional evaluation, the formulation and implementation of rehabilitation plan, etc. This becomes more and more rich, and the level of orthopaedic rehabilitation technology has also been significantly improved. It effectively accelerates the functional recovery of patients after surgery, so as to make full preparation for the early rehabilitation training. This book systematically summarizes the traditional Chinese medicine, medical diagnosis and treatment methods and rehabilitation treatment methods of orthopaedic diseases, so as to guide our future work on clinical orthopaedic treatment practice.

 

前言

骨科是各大医院最常见的科室之一,主要研究骨骼肌肉系统的解剖、生理与病理, 运用药物、手术及物理方法保持和发展这一系统的正常形态与功能。随着科学技术的 发展和进步,骨科学在诊断、治疗方面有了很大的进展。手外科的建立和发展,使手外伤的诊治技术迅速得到普及和提高。骨科康复是骨科研究中的一个重要分支,骨科 康复对康复医学而言具有重要的意义。纵观康复医学历年来的发展过程,多数研究认 为现代康复医学的发展和二战后伤员生存能力恢复密切相关。此外,在现代康复医学 中,骨科康复的患者与疾病也占有相当的分量。目前,骨科康复学正处于快速发展的 阶段,主要体现在骨科疾病的诊断方式、功能评定、康复计划的制订与实施等方面变 得愈加丰富,并且骨科康复技术水平也获得明显的提高,有效地加快了患者术后的功 能恢复,从而为早期康复训练的开展做好充分的准备。本书系统归纳了骨科疾病的中医、 医诊治法及康复治疗方法,以作为 骨科临床治疗实践的参考依据,指导我们今后的工作。

ISBN: 978-981-14-5889-7 Date of Publication: 2020
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Due to the further development of our country's transportation, the increasing highway capacity and highway traffic volume directly lead to the increasing vehicle load on the highway bridge. While the development of bridge management and maintenance is very slow. Therefore, it is an urgent challenge for us to strengthen the ideological understanding, further improve the bridge management and maintenance, strengthen the bridge detection means, accurately analyze and judge the causes of bridge diseases, and keep the bridge in good working condition.

The book, Construction and Management of Highway and Bridge Engineering, first introduces the highway and bridge construction projects in China, and then puts forward some problems about highway and bridge construction, including the analysis of key and difficult problems in construction technology and construction, as well as solutions and innovative methods. There are also some discussions on the management of highway and bridge construction in China, such as the problems and difficulties encountered in the work, as well as the new planning and problem plan putted forward in the project management. It also refers to the quotation of the new technology of the highway bridge construction. The specific content is relatively broad. Of course, when we talk about the construction and management of the highway bridge, the topic is relatively wide. If there are any omissions or mistakes, the readers and friends are welcomed to give feedback so we can exchange thoughts and study together.

 

前言

由于我国交通事业的进一步发展,不断提高的公路通行能力以及不断增加的公路交通量,这直接导致公路桥梁承受的车辆荷载不断加大,而桥梁的管理和维护发展却十分缓慢。所以,增强思想认识,进一步提高桥梁管理与维护,加强桥梁检测手段,准确分析判断桥梁病害原因,保持桥梁完好的工作状态,是我们急需面临的挑战。

《公路桥梁建设与管理》这本书首先对我国的公路桥梁建设工程做了简要介绍,再提出了关于公路桥梁建设的一些问题,包括施工技术和施工重难点问题分析,以及解决措施和创新方法,还有针对我国公路工程桥梁建设的管理工作方面的一些探讨,譬如提到了管理工作中遇到的问题和困境,以及在工程管理中提出的新的规划和问题计划等,又提到了公路桥梁建设的新技术的引用问题,具体涵盖的内容还是比较宽泛的,当然我们在提到公路桥梁的建设与管理工作的时候,话题比较广,如果有出现疏漏或者错误的地方欢迎广大读者朋友进行反馈,以供我们共同交流学习。

ISBN: 978-981-14-5888-0 Date of Publication: 2020
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As the leading and basic industry of national economy, highway construction plays a role of guarantee and support for the economic and social development, and bears a major social responsibility. It is the common responsibility and aspiration of highway builders to strengthen the sense of responsibility and urgency, and maintain the harmonious coexistence and coordinated development of environmental conditions and transportation standing at the height of the overall situation and the whole society. To realize the construction management of highway engineering, we should start from the quality management cost management and the information construction of highway engineering.

To achieve the sustained development of highway career, highway engineering construction and management must improve its own ability. It is depended on the Powerful and efficient network information management system to manage well about the quality and price.


前言


公路建设作为国民经济的先行行业和基础产业,对经济社会发展起着保障、支撑作用,担负着重大的社会职责。站在全局、全社会的高度,切实增强责任感和紧迫感,保持环境条件与交通事业的和谐共生、协调发展,是公路建设者共同责任和心愿。要实现公路工程的建设管理就要分别从质量管理造价管理和公路工程的信息化建设抓起。

在公路工程建设管理中,要实现公路事业的可持续进步, 公路工程建设管理就必须提高自身能力,进行改进。管好质量和价格两大关键还需要依靠强有力的,高效率的网络化信息管理系统。

ISBN: 978-981-14-5887-3 Date of Publication: 2020
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The relationship between foreign trade and economic management has always been an important research content of development economists and international economists. Regional economy is an important part of the national economy and a spatial system of the national economy. According to its essence, a regional economy is a national economy with regional characteristics. An international foreign trade is based on regional foreign trade. The comparative advantage and realization model of a country’s participation in international division of labor and foreign trade are based on the regional competitiveness of resources in each region of the country. Therefore, the economic development concept of international trade theory can be used not only for analysis of macroeconomic development, but also for guiding economic practices in different regions within a country. Regional participation in foreign trade within a country is not only conducive to giving play to regional comparative advantages, improving labor efficiency, saving social labor, and increasing social wealth; it also helps to attract competitive mechanisms and introduce foreign advanced technology, production methods, economic systems, equipment, and management experience to generate latecomer advantages and realize the reconstruction of regional comparative advantages.

Therefore, this book analyzes and discusses foreign trade and economic management in detail from the content of seven chapters, hoping to have some help.


前言

对外贸易与经济管理的关系问题一直是发展经济学家和国际经济学家研究的重要内容。区域经济是国民经济的重要组成部分,是一个国家经济的空间系统,按其实质来说,区域经济是具有区域特色的国民经济。一个国际的对外贸易是以地区对外贸易为基础,一个国家参与国际分工和对外贸易的比较优势和实现模式是建立在该国各地区的资源区域竞争力基础之上。因此,国际贸易理论的经济发展观既可以用于宏观经济发展的分析,也可以用于指导一国之内不同地区的经济实践。一国之内的区域参与对外贸易不仅有利于发挥地区比较优势,提高劳动效率,节约社会劳动,增加社会财富;而且有助于引人竞争机制,引进国外先进的技术、生产方式、经济体制、设备和管理经验,产生后发优势,实现区域比较优势的再造。

因此,本书从七章内容对对外贸易与经济管理进行详细的分析和探讨,希望有一定的帮助。

ISBN: 978-981-14-5886-6 Date of Publication: 2020
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The main content of mineral resources exploration is prospecting, which refers to the working process of using the ore-forming theory and known ore-forming laws, according to the geological conditions of the working area, using remote sensing technology, geology, geochemistry, geophysics and other methods to find deposits. According to the principle of step-by-step and step-by-step, mineral resources exploration can be divided into four stages: pre investigation, general survey, detailed investigation and exploration. Its tasks are respectively to make a prospective evaluation of regional mineral resources, submit the deep exposure point, submit the exploration point and submit the deposit. The work in each stage of mineral exploration should be guided by the analysis and research of the metallogenic geological conditions in the region, and the comprehensive prospecting method should be adopted according to the geological characteristics of the region and local conditions, so as to achieve the goal more scientifically and economically.

Geotechnical engineering is based on the theories of soil mechanics, rock mechanics, engineering geology and basic engineering. It is a marginal discipline formed by the combination of geology, mechanics, civil engineering, material science and other disciplines. At the same time, it is also a discipline closely combined with geology and engineering. It mainly solves the engineering and technical problems of rock and soil in various projects. As far as its connotation and attribute are concerned, it belongs to the category of civil engineering and plays an important role in civil engineering.

As special engineering materials, rock and soil are different from concrete, steel and other artificial materials. It is the product of nature. It is different with different natural environment, so it shows different engineering characteristics. This leads to the complexity and variability of geotechnical engineering, and the larger the scale of civil engineering, the more prominent and complex the geotechnical engineering problems. In practical projects, geotechnical problems and foundation problems are often the main factors that affect investment and limit construction period. If they did not handled properly, they may bring disastrous consequences. With the continuous expansion of the scale of civil engineering, geotechnical engineering has different branches, and geotechnical investigation is an important branch of geotechnical engineering.

The major of geological engineering includes the traditional engineering geology and prospecting engineering. It is an indispensable major in the national economic construction of our country. With the development of human society and technological progress, its position is becoming more and more important, and its application field is becoming more and more extensive. In addition to serving the traditional geological prospecting, geological engineering is also widely used in industrial and civil buildings, major infrastructure construction, geological disaster prevention, unconventional oil and gas resources development, marine resources investigation and other fields, which is closely related to people's production and life.


前言

矿产资源勘察的主要内容是找矿,找矿是指运用矿床成矿理论及已知成矿规律,根据工作地区地质条件,采用遥感技术与地质学、地球化学、地球物理学等方法寻找矿床的工作过程。矿产资源勘查按照循序渐进、逐步深入的原则划分为:预查、普查、详查和勘探四个阶段。其任务分别是对区域矿产资源作出远景评价、提交深部揭露点、提交勘探点和提交矿床。矿产勘查各阶段的工作,都应以该区域成矿地质条件的分析研究为指导,根据区内地质特征因地制宜釆用综合找矿方法,才能更科学、更经济地达到目的。

岩土工程是以土力学、岩石力学、工程地质学和基础工程学的理论为基础,由地质学、力学、土木工程、材料科学等多学科相结合形成的边缘学科,同时又是一门地质与工程紧密结合的学科。主要解决各类工程中关于岩石、土的工程技术问题。就其学科的内涵和属性来说,属于土木工程的范畴,在土木工程中占有重要的地位。

岩土体作为一种特殊的工程材料,不同于混凝土、钢材等人工材料。它是自然的产物,随着自然环境的不同而不同,从而表现出不同的工程特性。这就造成了岩土工程的复杂性和多变性,而且土木工程的规模越大,岩土工程问题就越突出、越复杂。在实际工程中,岩土问题、地基问题往往是影响投资和制约工期的主要因素,如果处理不当,就可能会带来灾难性的后果。随着人类土木工程规模的不断扩大,岩土工程有了不同的分支学科,岩土工程勘察就是岩土工程学科的一门重要的分支学科。

地质工程专业包括传统的工程地质与探矿工程两个专业方向,它是我国国民经济建设不可缺少的专业。随着人类社会的发展和技术进步,其地位愈加重要,应用领域也日益广泛。地质工程专业除了为传统的地质找矿服务外,当前还广泛应用于工业与民用建筑、重大基础设施建设、地质灾害防治、非常规油气资源开发、海洋资源调查等领域,与人们的生产和生活密切相关。

ISBN: 978-981-14-5885-9 Date of Publication: 2020
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