In order to meet the requirements of advanced technical personnel training in the 21st century, in recent years, we have carried out a series of research, exploration and practice on the basic content of mechanical manufacturing, accumulated some experience and achievements, so we have compiled this book.
Manufacturing automation is one of the main goals of human beings in the long-term production and life. The concept of manufacturing automation was first proposed by American D.S. Harder in 1936. Its content only includes the handling automation of manufacturing process. After a period of research and development, manufacturing automation has realized the whole process automation from blank production to product parts. In recent 40 years, with the continuous progress of sustainable technology, especially the development of manufacturing technology, computer technology, control technology, information technology and management technology, the content of manufacturing automation technology is also constantly enriched and improved. It not only includes the traditional sense of processing automation, but also includes the operation planning, management, control and coordination of the whole manufacturing process and so on.
In addition, mechanical manufacturing automation technology is an interdisciplinary content system, which includes not only the design and manufacturing content in the mechanical field, but also the control, detection, management and information processing. At the same time, mechanical manufacturing automation technology is a developing discipline. For example, the emergence of artificial intelligence and other technologies has created a new way of combining mechanical automation technology with modern science and technology. Of course, it still needs us to continue to explore and promote the qualitative leap of mechanical automation technology on the existing basis.
为了适应 21 世纪高级工程技术人才培养的要求， 近几年来， 我们对机械制造基础内容进行了一系列的研究、探索和实践，积累了一些经验和成果，因此编写了这本书。
制造自动化是人类在长期的生产生活中不断追求的主要目标之一。制造自动化的概念最早由美国人 D.S.Harder 于 1936 年提出，其内容仅仅包括制造过程搬运自动化。在经历了一段时间的研究和发展之后，制造自动化实现了从毛坯投入生产到产品零件全过程的自动化。近 40 年来，随着可持续技术的不断进步，尤其是制造技术、计算机技术、控制技术、信息技术和管理技术的发展，制造自动化技术的内容也在不断地丰富和完善，它不仅包括传统意义上的加工过程自动化，而且还包括对制造全过程的运行规划、管理、控制与协调化等自动化。
另外，机械制造自动化技术是一门跨学科的内容体系，它不仅包括机械领域的设计和制造内容，而且还包括控制、检测、管理和信息处理等方面的内容，同时机械制造自动化技术又是一门不断发展的学科，例如人工智能等技术的出现为机械自动化技术创造了一种新的与现代科技相结合的方式， 当然， 这仍需要我们不断探索，在现有基础上促成机械自动化技术质的飞跃。
Li-Xia Wang, female, the Han nationality, master’s degree, born in Beijing City in November 1977. She participated in the compilation of Fundamentals of analog electronic Technology and Learning Guidance and Problem Solving of Basic Course of Analog Electronic Technology. She won the first prize of the Seventh National Electrical and Electronic Technology Experiment Case Competition, and the third prize of the Third National University Young Teachers’ Click Technology Foundation and Electronic Circuit Course Lecture Competition in North China.
王丽霞，女，汉族， 1977 年 11 月生，北京人，研究生学历。参编《模拟电子技术基础》、《模拟电子技术基础教程学习辅导与习题解答》，获得全国第七届电工电子技术实验案例大赛一等奖，获得第三届全国高等学校青年教师点击技术基础、电子线路课程讲课竞赛华北赛区三等奖。
Xian-Li Chen, male, the Han nationality, master’s degree, engineer, born in Anyang City, Henan Province in September 1981. He graduated from Zhengzhou University. He works in Anyang Iron and Steel Group Co., Ltd. He is engaged in the research of mechanical and electronic engineering, published more than ten professional academic articles, and won one invention patent.
陈先利，男，汉族， 1981 年 9 月生，河南安阳，毕业于郑州大学，硕士研究生学历，工程师 ，就职于安阳钢铁集团有限责任公司，从事机械电子工程方面研究，发表专业学术文章十多篇，获发明专利一项。
Wei-Min Yang, male, the Han nationality, bachelor’s degree, born in Mengzhou City, Henan Province in March 1983. He was named engineer in 2014. He has been engaged in the casting and processing industry of aluminum alloy for a long time. During his work in the aluminum alloy hub factory, he has obtained a number of patents and has been widely applied. He participated in the project of “Light and High Strength Al SC Alloy and Fine Grain Casting Spinning and Its Application Technology” in 863 Plan. He was rated as Advanced Worker many times during his work.
杨卫民，男，汉族， 1983 年 3 月生，河南孟州人，本科学历。 2014 年被评为工程师，长期从事于铝合金的铸造和加工行业，在铝合金轮毂厂工作期间，获得多项专利并得到推广应用；参与了 863 计划中的“轻质高强铝钪合金与细晶铸旋成形及其应用技术”课题；工作期间多次被评为先进工作者。