Looking at the economic growth of developed countries in the 20th century, we can draw a conclusion that without innovation, there will be no economic development, no social progress, and it is impossible to improve the survival and development ability of enterprises. Today’s top 500 companies almost all rely on enterprise innovation to grow up gradually. With the development of science and technology and the arrival of the new economic era, enterprise innovation has changed from passivity and contingency to initiative and inevitability. Human beings have never been so devoted to the pursuit of innovation, and enterprises are more aware that innovation has become the soul that determines the survival and development of enterprises. What’s more, medium-sized and small enterprises are not only an important and active force in economic development, but also an important source of power for economic growth with their vigorous innovation activities. Therefore, it is more important to study the innovation of medium-sized and small enterprises for promoting the healthy development of medium-sized and small enterprises in China.
The development of enterprise innovation theory is a gradual process. In different development periods and different economic development stages, the innovation methods are often different. Therefore, this book analyzes the theory of enterprise innovation and its background and historical conditions, and puts forward the future development trend of enterprise innovation in the new economic situation.
Modern enterprise innovation practice shows that enterprise innovation is not a single technological innovation, but a comprehensive system engineering. Therefore, this book introduces the technological innovation, product innovation, market innovation, service innovation, organization innovation, management innovation and culture innovation of enterprises, and tries to summarize the rules from them, so as to provide innovation programs for small and medium-sized enterprises.
In the process of innovation, in addition to relying on market regulation, enterprises also need the government to provide necessary guidance and support. This book introduces the role of government in enterprise innovation and the principles, contents and methods of providing support.
Because it is relatively late for China to attach importance to small and medium-sized enterprises, and lags far behind the developed countries in the construction of innovation system, and now faces the challenge of new economy, how to realize and control the innovation of small and medium-sized enterprises in our country has become the primary problem. This book introduces the current situation and existing problems of innovation of small and medium-sized enterprises in China, and explores the ways of innovation of small and medium-sized enterprises in China.
In the process of planning and compiling this book, we have referred to a large number of domestic and foreign documents and materials, from which we can get inspiration; at the same time, we have also received the support and help from leaders, colleagues, friends and students. We would like to express our heartfelt thanks to you! Due to the rapid development of network information security technology, there are still some unsatisfactory aspects in the selection and compilation of this book. In addition, due to the limited knowledge level and time of the editor, there are inevitably shortcomings and errors in the book. We hope that the experts and readers of the same trade can correct it so as to further improve it.
纵观 20 世纪世界各发达国家的经济增长， 可以得出这样一个结论， 即没有创新就没有经济发展，就没有社会进步，就不可能提高企业的生存与发展能力。当今世界 500 强的大企业，几乎都是依靠企业创新从小企业逐渐成长起来的。随着科学技术的发展和新经济时代的到来， 企业创新已由过去的被动性、 偶然性走向了主动性、必然性。人类从来没有像今天这样致力于追求创新，企业也从来没有像现在这样认识到创新已成为决定企业生存与发展的灵魂。更值得一提的是，中小企业不仅是经济发展的一只重要而活跃的力量，而且以其富有生机的创新活动，为经济增长提供了重要的动力源泉。因此，深入研究中小企业创新问题对于促进我国中小企业健康发展更具有重要的现实意义。
Ke-Xiang Wang, male, the Han nationality, the CPC member, senior economist, born in Xiao County, Anhui Province in January 1982. He is the director of Industrialization Department of Qingdao Sea Rice Research and Development Center. He is a PhD candidate in the major of business management of Ocean University of China. He is the visiting scholar at University of Zurich, Switzerland (June 2019-june 2020). He has undertaken one major scientific and technological innovation project in Shandong Province, one natural science foundation of Shandong Province and one social science planning project of Qingdao City. He has published more than 20 academic papers, 6 national invention patents and 4 monographs.
王克响，男，汉族， 1982 年 1 月出生，安徽萧县人，中共党员，高级经济师，青岛海水稻研究发展中心产业化处处长，中国海洋大学企业管理专业博士研究生，瑞士苏黎世大学访问学者（2019.06-2020.06），承担山东省重大科技创新工程、山东省自然科学基金以及青岛市社科规划项目各 1 项； 发表学术论文 20 余篇， 获得国家发明专利 6 项；出版专著 4 部。