China is one of the countries with the most serious geological disasters in the world. In recent years, with the rapid development of China's national economy, the intensity of human activities such as resource development and engineering construction has been generally increased, which has brought great pressure to the fragile geological environment. Geological disasters induced by various unreasonable human engineering activities show an obvious growing trend, which causes more than 1,000 deaths and tens of billions of economic losses every year on average. Geological disasters have become one of the major disasters causing casualties in China. Geological disasters are particularly harmful to rural areas and agricultural production. In addition to causing loss of life and property for rural residents, it also seriously damages farmland, forests, various agricultural facilities and agricultural ecological environment.
Geological hazards refer to the movement of rock and soil caused by natural or man-made actions in the surface of the earth, which destroys human life, property and living environment. Geological hazards have the dual origins of natural evolution and artificial induction. It is not only an integral part of natural disasters, but also a category of man-made disasters. In a sense, geological disaster has been a problem with social attributes and has become an important factor restricting social and economic development and people's living in peace. Therefore, the prevention and control of geological disasters not only refers to prevention, avoidance and engineering governance, but also refers to efforts to improve the quality of human beings at a high level of social consciousness. Through the formulation of public policies or government legislation, the public's behavior is restrained to consciously protect the geological environment, so as to achieve the purpose of avoiding or reducing geological disasters.
Based on the overview of geological disasters, this book mainly describes the geological disasters in China, and elaborates the design of the geological disaster management engineering. It hopes to contribute to the project recommendation and work progress of the relevant staff.
Bao-Cai Zhang, male, born in December 1979, Chongqing, senior engineer. In 2003, he graduated from Guilin University of Technology majoring in civil engineering. After graduation, he has been working in the No.607 Geological Brigade of Chongqing Bureau of Geology and Minerals Exploration, and mainly engaged in the technical work of geological disaster investigation and geotechnical engineering investigation. He mainly participated in the geological environment investigation of Miaoba Town in Chengkou County and the geological disaster investigation of the bank of the Yangtze River in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area in Chongqing (Zhongzhou Street of left bank of Zhongxian Section, Baigong Street, Tujing Township and Shibao Town, left bank and right bank of Fengjie section). In 2017, he was rated as an excellent employee in the annual assessment of the institution.
Bin Song, male, the Han nationality, October 5th, 1978, Zunyi, Guizhou Province. He won the title of outstanding individual of the unit for many times. In 2013, he published the Geological Disaster Survey and Evaluation as the second editor-in-chief. After the rescue and disaster relief in 2014, he was awarded the title of model worker in 2015. In 2016, the “Dihao·Nancheng International Geotechnical Engineering” survey project won the Excellence Award in Chongqing Survey and Design Association.
Fei Yang, Zhenping, Nanyang City, Henan Province. He graduated from Jilin University with a major in geology engineering. Since graduating in 2002, he has been working in the Second Geological Environment Survey Institute of Henan Bureau of Geological and Mineral Exploration and Development. He is mainly engaged in field geological work, project exploration and construction management. He is a member of the Geological Society of China and a project manager. His project has won the “Zhongzhou Cup” quality project in Henan Province, the excellent QC group award for engineering construction in Henan Province, and the first and second prizes of the Henan Provincial Bureau of Geology and Minerals. In recent years, he published papers on Analysis of Geotechnical Engineering Problems Caused by Groundwater Level Rise and Lift and Correlation Analysis of Mine Geological Hazards Analysis and Prevention Countermeasures. Currently, he is mainly engaged in hydrogeological engineering and geological environment.