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Civil Engineering Construction and Construction Technology
土木工程建设与施工技术
ISBN: 978-981-14-6152-1     Date of Publication: 2020

Preface

Civil engineering is a general term of science and technology for the construction of various engineering facilities. It refers to the applied materials, equipment and technical activities such as survey, design, construction, maintenance and repair, as well as the objects of engineering construction, that is, various engineering facilities that built on the ground or underground, on land or in water, directly or indirectly for human life , production, military, scientific research services, such as houses, roads, railways, transportation pipelines, tunnels, bridges, canals, dams, ports, power stations, airports, offshore platforms, water supply and drainage, and protection projects. Reasonable design is not only related to the level of construction, but also inseparable from the development of the country’s basic industries and the safety of people’s lives and property. At the same time, in actual civil engineering construction, superb design can often optimize the construction steps and even shorten the construction period. Based on the analysis of the characteristics of civil engineering construction technology, this book explains the operation of traditional civil engineering construction technology, points out the key points of the application of new technologies in civil engineering construction, makes a technical analysis and summary of civil engineering construction technology, and makes a prospects on the development of civil engineering construction technology. Civil engineering construction technology is constantly exploring, innovating and developing; it has been used in engineering construction and achieved good economic and social benefits. We must always maintain the vitality of innovation, develop and apply new technologies, and continuously improve the construction technology of civil engineering.


前 言

土木工程是建造各类工程设施的科学技术的统称。它既指所应用的材料、设备和所进行的勘测、设计、施工、保养维修等技术活动,也指工程建设的对象,即建造在地上或地下、陆上或水中,直接或间接为人类生活、生产、军事、科研服务的各种工程设施,例如房屋、道路、铁路、运输管道、隧道、桥梁、运河、堤坝、港口、电站、飞机场、海洋平台、给水和排水以及防护工程等。合理的设计,不但关系到建筑的水平,还与国家基础事业的发展和人民生命财产安全密不可分。同时,在实际的土木工程施工中,高超的设计常常可以优化施工步骤乃至缩短工期。本书在分析土木工程施工技术的特点基础上,对传统土木工程施工技术的运行进行了阐述,指出了土木工程施工新型技术运用的要点,对土木工程施工技术进行了技术上的分析和总结,做出了土木工程施工技术发展上的展望。土木工程施工技术在不断的实践探索中也在不断地创新发展,并在工程建设中得到了运用,取得了良好的经济社会效益。我们要始终保持创新活力,开发和应用新技术,不断提高土木工程施工技术。

Editor-in-Chief

Qiang Hua, male, the Han nationality, bachelor’s degree, born in Nanchong City of Sichuan Province in October 1979. In 2009, he wrote the QC “Improving the Qualification Rate of Short-leg Shear Wall Pillar Construction Quality”, which won the second prize in the country. The QC “Rock Wool Quality Control for Exterior Wall” he written in 2013 won the second prize of the group. In 2019, he wrote QC “Improving the Appearance Quality of Aluminum Formwork Concrete” and won the Ⅱ Achievement of National Engineering Construction Quality Management Group Activity Achievements Exchange.

华强,男,汉族, 1979 年 10 月生,四川南充人,本科学历。 2009 年撰写的 QC《提高短肢剪力墙柱头施工质量合格率》获得全国二等奖。 2013 年撰写的 QC《外墙岩棉质量控制》获得小组二等奖。 2019 年撰写 QC《提高铝模板混凝土外观质量》获得全国工程建设质量管理小组活动成果交流会Ⅱ类成果。

Peng Han, male, the Han nationality, born in Nan’an District of Chongqing City in November 1982. He graduated from Chongqing University in June 2013 with a bachelor’s degree. He is currently working as a project manager in Chongqing Construction Residential Engineering Co., Ltd. and is responsible for project management. He participated in the preparation of “Construction Method of Same-material Thermal Bridge Treatment for External Wall Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Self-insulation System” that won the 2014 Chongqing Municipal Construction Method, “Construction Method of Assembly Integral Staircase” that won the 2015 Chongqing Municipal Construction Method, and “Construction Method of Reverse Construction of Detachable Section Steel+ Bamboo Splint Retaining Structure” that won the 2016 Chongqing Municipal Construction Method. Also, he owned one utility model patent “A kind of Bamboo Splint Retaining Wall”.

韩鹏,男,汉族, 1982 年 11 月生,重庆市南岸区人, 2013 年 6 月毕业于重庆大学学校本科学历, 现于重庆建工住宅建设有限公司任职项目经理, 负责项目管理工作,参与编制的《外墙蒸压加气混凝土自保温系统同材质热桥处理施工工法》获得 2014年重庆市市级工法;《装配整体式楼梯施工工法》 获得 2015 年重庆市市级工法;《逆作可拆卸型钢+竹夹板挡土结构施工工法》获得 2016 年重庆市市级工法;《一种竹夹板挡墙》获得实用新型专利。

Wan-Liang Hou, male, the Han nationality, senior engineer, national certified constructor, CPC member, bachelor’s degree, born in Xiangcheng City of Henan Province in August 1967. He took part in the work in July 1988. He is currently the chief engineer of Henan Hongcheng Engineering Construction Co., Ltd., Henan construction project bid evaluation expert and technical expert, Jiaozuo Safety Committee expert, Jiaozuo divisional and sub divisional construction projects with high risk demonstration experts. He has been awarded as excellent chief engineer and excellent project manager by Henan Province and Jiaozuo City many times.

侯万亮,男,汉族, 1967 年 8 月生,河南项城人,本科学历,高级工程师,注册建造师,中共党员。 1988 年 7 月参加工作,现任河南宏程工程建设有限责任公司总工程师,河南省建设工程评标专家、技术专家,焦作市安委会专家、焦作市建设工程危险性较大分部、分项工程论证专家。多次被河南省、焦作市评为优秀总工程师、优秀项目经理。